In 2004, the Department of Homeland Security released the National Incident Management System (NIMS) as required by Homeland Security Presidential Directive HSPD-5, Management of Domestic Incidents and HSPD-8 Preparedness.
HSPD-5 established and designated the National Integration Center (NIC) Incident Management Systems Division as the lead federal entity to coordinate NIMS compliance. Its primary function is to ensure that NIMS remains an accurate and effective management tool through the refining and adapting compliance requirements to address ongoing preparedness needs.
- Comprehensive, nationwide systematic approach to incident management
- Core set of doctrine, concepts, principles, terminology and organizational processes for all hazards
- Essential principles for a common operating picture and interoperability of communications and information management
- Standardized resource management procedures for coordination among different jurisdictions and organizations
- Scalable and applicable for all incidents
- Enhances organizational and technological interoperability and cooperation
- Provides a scalable and flexible framework with universal applicability
- Promotes all-hazards preparedness
- Enables a wide variety of organizations to partcipate effectively in emergency management / incident response
- Institutionalizes professional emergency management / incident practices
NIMS is applicable to all incidents and all levels of stakeholders, including levels of government, private sector organizations, critical infrastructure owners and operators, non-governmental organizations and all other organizations who assume a role in emergency management. Elected and appointed officials and policy makers, who are responsible for jurisdictional policy decisions, must also have a clear understanding of NIMS to better serve their constituency.
Built on existing structures, such as the Incident Command System (ICS), NIMS creates a proactive system to assist those responding to incidents or planned events. To unite the practice of emergency management and incident response thoughout the country, NIMS focuses on five key areas, or components. These components link together and work in unison to form a larger and comprehensive incident management system.
NIMS Componets include:
- Communications and Information Management
- Resource Management
- Command and Management
- Ongoing Management and Maintenance
- A response plan
- Only used during large-scale incidents
- Only applicable to certain emergency management / incident response personnel
- Only the Incident Command System (ICS)
ICS-100, Introduction to the Incident Command System, introduces the Incident Command System (ICS) and provides the foundation for higher level ICS training. This course describes the history, features and principles, and organizational structure of the Incident Command System. It also explains the relationship between ICS and the National Incident Management System (NIMS).
ICS-200 is designed to enable personnel to operate efficiently during an incident or event within the Incident Command System (ICS). ICS-200 provides training on and resources for personnel who are likely to assume a supervisory position within ICS.
This course introduces and overviews the National Incident Management System (NIMS). NIMS provides a consistant nationwide template to enable all government, private-sector, and non-governmental organizations to work together during domestic incidents.
This course introduces participants to the concepts and principles of the National Response Framework.
The National Response Framework (NRF) presents the guiding principles that enable all response partners to prepare for and provide unified national response to disasters and emergencies from the smallest incident to the largest catastophe. As part of the NRF, Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) are primary mechanisms at the operational level used to organize and provide assistance. This course provides an introduction to Emergency Support Function (ESF) #2 – Commuications.